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    Traveling on Ramps and Grades

    ramp
    Many work places in the Vancouver area use ramps as a tool for loading and unloading trucks and trailers. Lets take a look at the safe and proper way that forklifts must travel on ramps and grades.
    Potential Hazards:

    • There is a danger of tipover when traveling on ramps and grades.

    Requirements and Recommended Practices:

    • Always look in the direction of travel.
    • Never turn on a ramp or incline. Turn prior to the ramp or incline to place forks in proper direction.
    • Keep a safe distance from the edge of a ramp.
    • Do not travel on ramps with slopes or other conditions that exceed the manufacturer’s recommendation.
    Traveling down ramp without load.
    Figure 2. Traveling down ramp without load.
    Traveling With a Load (Forks Upgrade)
    Forklift operators should be aware of procedures to follow when traveling on ramps and other inclines with a load.

    Potential Hazards:

    • Danger of tipover.
    • Danger of losing load.
    Traveling with a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
    Figure 3. Traveling with a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
    Traveling up ramp with load.
    Figure 4. Traveling up ramp with load.Traveling down ramp with a load.
    Figure 5. Traveling down ramp with a load.

    Requirements and Recommended Practices:

    • When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel.
    • Going up the incline:
      • Drive forward.
      • Forks pointed upgrade.
      • Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view.
    • Going down the incline:
      • Drive in reverse.
      • Turn head and face downgrade.
      • Forks pointed up the grade.

    NOTE: When walking with a pallet truck with or without a load, the forks should be pointed downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.

    Traveling Empty (Forks Downgrade)
    Forklift operators should follow certain procedures when traveling on ramps and grades without a load.

    Potential Hazards:

    • Danger of tipover.
    Traveling without a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
    Figure 6. Traveling without a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails.
    Traveling down ramp without load.
    Figure 7. Traveling down ramp without load.

    Requirements and Recommended Practices:

    • When traveling without a load, the forks should point downgrade, regardless of direction of travel.
    • Going up the incline:
      • Drive in reverse.
      • Turn head and face upgrade.
      • Forks pointed downgrade.
    • Going down the incline:
      • Drive forward.
      • Forks pointed downgrade.