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    Traveling on Ramps and Grades

    ramp

    Traveling on Ramps and Grades

    Many work places in the Vancouver area use ramps as a tool for loading and unloading trucks and trailers. Lets take a look at the safe and proper way that forklifts must travel on ramps and grades. Potential Hazards: There is a danger of tipover when traveling on ramps and grades. Requirements and Recommended Practices: Always look in the direction of travel. Never turn on a ramp or incline. Turn prior to the ramp or incline to place forks in proper direction. Keep a safe distance from the edge of a ramp. Do not travel on ramps with slopes or other conditions that exceed the manufacturer’s recommendation. Figure 2. Traveling down ramp without load. Traveling With a Load (Forks Upgrade) Forklift operators should be aware of procedures to follow when traveling on ramps and other inclines with a load. Potential Hazards: Danger of tipover. Danger of losing load. Figure 3. Traveling with a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails. Figure 4. Traveling up ramp with load. Figure 5. Traveling down ramp with a load. Requirements and Recommended Practices: When traveling with a load, the load should point up the incline, regardless of direction of travel. Going up the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed upgrade. Use a spotter if load blocks the driver’s view. Going down the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face downgrade. Forks pointed up the grade. NOTE: When walking with a pallet truck with or without a load, the forks should be pointed downgrade, regardless of direction of travel. Traveling Empty (Forks Downgrade) Forklift operators should follow certain procedures when traveling on ramps and grades without a load. Potential Hazards: Danger of tipover. Figure 6. Traveling without a load. Note that ramps should have railings or bull rails. Figure 7. Traveling down ramp without load. Requirements and Recommended Practices: When traveling without a load, the forks should point downgrade, regardless of direction of travel. Going up the incline: Drive in reverse. Turn head and face upgrade. Forks pointed downgrade. Going down the incline: Drive forward. Forks pointed downgrade.