Forklift training isn’t just about learning to drive a forklift safely and efficiently, its also learning and understanding the proper uses and procedures for the forklift attachment or attachments your business is using. Caution should always be exercised when using various attachments by taking into account their center of gravity. Every business and worksite is different and needs different attachments to get the job done, lets take a look at some of the most common forklift attachments we might cover during forklift training. SIDE SHIFTERS: The side shifter attachment allows the operator to shift the forks from side to side allowing for small adjustments, enabling alignment with pallets without having to maneuver the forklift. Side shifters are the most common attachment used on forklifts today and are a standard attachment on most forklifts. FORK POSITIONERS: The fork positioner attachment allows the forklift forks to be moved inwards and outwards hydraulically rather than physically, allowing for faster handling of different sized pallets and loads. Fork positioners are a very common attachment used on forklifts today as they enable the operator to align the forks with pallet size significantly faster and accurately. FORK EXTENSIONS: Forklift fork extensions are used when uniformed loads exceed the length of your forklifts existing forks, making it easy to transport loads from one location to another. Operators will learn during Forklift Training that when using fork extensions the capacity of the Forklift will be decreased, sometimes dramatically depending on the length of the extensions. PAPER ROLL CLAMP: Paper roll clamp attachments use a rotater with a direct worm/ring gear drive and clutch brake system, allowing the clamps to rotate up to 360 degrees. The attachment is suitable for lifting horizontal or vertical paper rolls in a large range of sizes, and the 360 degree rotation prevents damage when placing rolls down onto unlevel surfaces. Paper roll clamps are available with either 180 degree or 360 degree rotation. FORK HITCH RECIEVER: Forklift hitch receivers attachments come in different variations. The hitch receiver attachment is used to tow or move trailers and other towable implements with a forklift safely and efficiently. […]
Two fatal accidents and two near-miss accidents have highlighted concerns regarding the safety of operators using self-propelled elevated work platforms. WCB investigations have revealed that there are stability problems when equipment is not on a firm, level surface. Potential hazards result when the equipment is set up on an uneven slope or when the work platform is moved and the slope becomes uneven. A sudden change of elevation caused by the equipment’s wheels hitting curbs, or running into holes or over obstructions will also affect the unit’s stability. Follow-up investigations revealed that, in some instances, safety devices were deliberately made inoperative. These safety devices lower the platform or set off an alarm that alerts the operator that the tilt angle has exceeded the safety limits. Safe work practices: • Train operators to operate equipment safely. • Ensure that the supporting surface is firm, level, clear of depressions or obstructions, and that wheels and/or outriggers are contacting the ground before elevating or repositioning the unit. • Test equipment before operation to ensure all safety devices are fully functional. • Ensure that all level indicators are in place and fully functional. • Know the tilt limits of the machine. • Wear fall protection, if required by WCB regulations or the manufacturer’s instructions. • Do not connect fall-arrest lanyards to objects outside of the machine. This is an article originally published by WorkSafe BC as a PDF file. We have republished it here for a more convenient Web Viewing and reference for our customers.
Many businesses in Vancouver and Burnaby require there operators to work in trailers for loading and unloading materials and goods. During the onsite/offsite Forklift Training your instructor should spend some time discussing the safety precautions that are needed. 1: ENSURE THE TRAILER IS SUPPORTED. Extra steps must be taken to secure the trailer if the trailer is spotted (no tractor under the trailer). The front end must be secured with some form off support as the landing gear itself may not be adequate. A proper jack stand support designed for the task would be ideal. You should also consider some form off acceptable support at the rear of the trailer as most trailers have rear wheels that move forward and backwards depending on the weight and placement of the load. 2: BLOCK THE TRAILER WHEELS. Before entering the deck or trailers of trucks, make sure the rear load wheels are blocked (chocked) and the brakes are set to prevent any rolling when you enter. 3: INSPECT THE TRAILER DECK. Always get off your forklift and inspect the deck of the trailer before driving on it. Inspect it for holes, cracks, rot or any other sign of weakness. DO NOT drive your forklift onto the deck if you find any of these things. Forklifts are heavy machines, they have and will fall through a weak deck. 4: CHECK THE DOCK PLATE (BOARDS) Always check and inspect that the bridge plates/dock boards are firmly in place, secure and strong enough to support the weight of a loaded forklift. DO NOT EXCEED CAPACITY OF DOCK PLATE! 5: CHECK CLEARENCE. Make sure your forklift will fit and has the proper clearance for entering and exiting the trailer. 6: LIGHTING. The majority of forklifts have front mounted lights, inspect that they are working properly before entering a trailer. Use dock lights if your lift truck is not equipped with or has faulty lights. 7: AIR QUALITY AND VENTILATION. The interior of a trailer is a semi-confined space in which dangerous and deadly carbon monoxide or other emissions could gather […]
To reduce the risk of accidents when using a forklift work platform in Vancouver, is to make sure that you and your workers are familiar with the proper safety procedures and having the proper forklift training. Here Are 4 Major Tips When Using A Work Platform CCOHS has grouped the procedures into 4 areas: Hazards The Do’s Operators Responsibility’s The Don’ts 1. Hazards Contact with power lines Contact with unguarded moving parts of the Forklift. Contact with overhead obstructions Adverse weather conditions Injury due to rollover Falling from platform Work platforms that are you used to elevate and support workers should only be used when all other methods are not available, such as scaffold and elevating work platforms. 2. Do’s All persons involved are educated and trained for the task at hand and the Forklift is only operated by a trained and competent person. Ensure the engineered elevated work platform is in accordance with the appropriate safety standards. Ensure guard rails are in place Ensure toe boards are present Forks are secured and at correct width apart Ensure that personal are protected from any moving parts Overhead protection is provided when required Ensure there is good, clear and constant communication between Forklift operator and worker in platform. Use walkie talkies or hand signals in loud environment’s. Fall protection must be worn as well as any other personal protective equipment for the task at hand Inspect forklift and fall protection before use Ensure work area is clear and free of hazards 3. Operators Responsibility’s Be trained and educated for the task at hand Ensure the work area is cordoned off with safety cones Ensure the forklift is on flat level surface Ensure platform is horizontal and centered, tilt function and side-shift not to be used when using platform Not exceed forklifts rated capacity Place gear in neutral and parking brake set Lower platform to safe travel height before and forklift movement Ensure smooth movements when lifting and lowering personal, and only with there direction. Operator always stays in cab of forklift with hand away from controls till needed 4. Don’ts Operators: Do not operate […]
When you attend one of our Forklift Training programs, you will learn about the different tires you see on forklifts and the applications of use. Here is a brief look and outline of the tires. CUSHION TIRES are made of solid rubber and are pressed onto the wheel/hub. They offer a smaller turning radius and sit lower to the ground, thus giving ab advantage in maneuverability. There tires are primarily suited for indoor flat surface applications. PNEUMATIC SOLID tires are constructed of solid rubber and are the most common used tires on the market today. These style of tires are commonly used for a combination of indoor/outdoor use. Pneumatic solid tires have a very long life-span and are practically indestructible. PNEUMATIC TIRES are designed of rubber but just like your vehicle they are inflated with air. They are constructed of strong long lasting material with deep treads. Best used for rough outdoor terrain.
Forklift operators Move cautiously when vision obstructed. A forklift operator was killed in a tragic accident where poor visibility played a major part in the incident. The fatal accident involved two forklift operators. One operator had just dropped off a load of empty pallets with his forklift. He turned his forklift to pick up another load. He then drove his machine forward through a set of plastic curtains that separated the warehouse work areas. The raised forks and the plastic curtain restricted his vision. Meanwhile, another forklift operator was working on the other side of the curtain, standing on a forklift with his back to the curtain. As the first operator drove his machine through the curtain, one of the raised forks struck the other operator in the back, fatally injuring him. Safe work practices: • Ensure that workers are adequately directed and instructed in how to per-form their duties safely. • Travel with forks down when moving without a load. • Ensure that plastic curtains (or similar barriers) are maintained and kept in good working order. • Provide a system of traffic control or other type of warning system when a forklift operator’s vision may be obstructed This is an article ordinally published by WorkSafe BC as a pdf file. We have republished it here for a more convenient reference for our customers.
Unfortunately Forklift accidents do occur that can result in injury and life’s lost. Lets take a look at some of the statistics. Roughly there are 85 fatalities each year. 34,900 serious injuries occur each year. 42% of fatalities are by operator’s being crushed by rollover’s and tipping. Common factors that contribute to forklift accidents. Travelling with the load/forks elevated Travelling at excessive speed. Turning at excessive speed. Reverse traveling without shoulder checking/being aware of your surroundings. Not watching fork placement. Not warning others that the forklift is nearby. Overloading and load off center. Parking and turning on grades. Letting co-workers ride on forklift. Not inspecting trailer decks prior to loading. Inadequate inspection and servicing of forklift. Driving with limited vision Horse play. Not being aware of surroundings and changing work environment at all times. Improper mount/dismount of Forklift. Daily pre-use inspections are mandatory and is part of the regulations that operators must follow. Failure to conduct the inspection can put the operator and others lives at risk. Here are some mechanical conditions that can cause risk of forklift accidents. Leaks in the hydraulic systems. Malfunction of mast assembly. Brake malfunction Steering malfunction Safety device malfunction Transmission malfunction Flat, under inflated pneumatic tires Worn out, cracked and separated solid/cushion tires. Broken/faulty seatbelt. Cracked/broken Forks.
Awareness is the ability to directly know and perceive, to feel, or to be cognizant of events, more broadly, it is the state of being conscious. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awareness Workplace awareness is a focus on the workplace influence and mediation of awareness information, particularly the location, activity and changes of elements in the workplace. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awareness When I teach a Forklift Operator Training class, you will hear me say the term ” aware of your surroundings” many times. In life it is important to be aware of your surroundings, it is also very essential, and a key aspect to operating a Forklift safely. You have to always be aware of what is going on around you at all times and be aware of what you are doing with the machine. Every workplace is different day in day out, you need to be aware of the changing elements at all times, if your not then accidents can and will happen. Lets look at a few examples of what you should be aware of with certain tasks when operating a Forklift. Picking up and pulling out a Load: Aware of fork placement, height and side restrictions, workplace hazards, is the rear of your machine clear of people, other equipment etc. Driving around work yard: Aware of people and other equipment, Fork height, workplace hazards and forklift speed. Accident’s and injury do happen when operators are not paying attention to awareness. A man in North Philadelphia had to have his leg amputated after being run over by a Forklift twice in a workplace accident in July of 2015. The operator of the forklift stated that he was not looking where he was going while driving the forklift, he was instead counting stacks of material while driving in reverse. The operator admitted during the investigation that he violated all basic rules of Forklift safety, and as a result, he was not aware of his co-worker and ran him over.
When you go through our Forklift Operator Training program you will learn about what is called ” Three Point Contact.” As a new Forklift Operator or Experienced Operator, you may not think or be aware that mounting and dismounting a Forklift can cause an injury, but in fact it is actually a leading cause of injuries for Forklift Operators. A practice of always having three secure points of contact when mounting or dismounting a Forklift or any other machine/vehicle is called three point contact. To ensure operator safety and to avoid the risk off falls and slips, it is important that every Forklift Operator knows and uses the three point contact procedure whenever they mount or dismount a Forklift. The three point contact is an easy procedure to learn and to follow, you want to use two hands and one foot to position the body for safe entry or exit from the Forklift. Your two hands grip the machine while one foot is safely supporting your body weight. The three point contact should only be broken after reaching the Forklift cab or when both feet are securely on the ground when dismounting. When you use the three point contact procedure your movements should be slow and steady to avoid injury from slips and falls. There are a few other factors you should keep in mind also when you enter or exit the forklift to avoid slips and injuries. Visually inspect the work area, look for anything that you could step on or slip on, are your hands and boots free of materials that could cause a slip, and make sure you have already taken your seat belt off before dismounting, sounds like a no brainer but I have seen Forklift Operators do this many times. If you need Forklift Operator Training for your employees or as an individual, call our manager Karen to inquire. Forklift Operator Training can be done onsite/site specific at your place of business or at our Training facility in Maple Ridge. We also provide operator training for Scissor Lifts , Aerial Boom Lifts and Skid-Steers […]
When working at heights in maintenance and construction, you need ways to work at various heights with ease. Scissor lifts and Aerial boom lifts are essential pieces of equipment for working at heights. First lets talk about scissor lifts, these machines are known as an AWP, Aerial Work Platform. They are a work platform mounted on folding arms that elongate as the platform is raised. These movable work platforms are used for elevating personal and any tools or equipment they may need for the job at hand, but are limited to just up and down movement of the work platform. Scissor lifts come in a variety of different sizes and types. These lifts can be used for situations that require work at various heights, and in most cases are safer than ladders and scaffolding. Next lets talk about the Aerial Boom Lifts, like Scissor Lifts they are designed to take workers to elevated heights, but these machines are more versatile and can take workers to greater heights with more maneuverability. You will often see them used on various construction sites. There are different types of Aerial boom lifts and what they are used for. Articulating Boom Lifts…are referred to as a knuckle boom lift. These machines are designed to articulate for reaching up and over obstacles and have great features. They are drive-able at full elevation, have a 360 degree rotation ability and there width is narrow, allowing them to get in narrow spaces. Telescopic Boom Lifts are known as straight or stick type of boom lifts. If you are required to reach high places, this is what you want to use. Unlike the articulating boom lift, it is not designed to for reaching over obstacles. they can rotate 360 degrees and maneuver in any direction. Just like Forklifts, operators of Arial Boom Lifts and Scissor Lifts are required to attend and pass a operator training program. We offer this training onsite/site specific all across the lower mainland for individuals and groups.